Useful Wave Sensor Equation and Parameter Definitions

Posted by Luke Wilson on Aug 20, 2020 10:47:13 AM

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Last Updated: June 2020

Purpose: To provide users with some of the commonly used equations for the Wave Sensor as well as provide other equations that may be helpful in implementing the sensor for the specific end-user application.

Wave sensor equationwave sensor equation 2Fourier coefficient may be calculated for each frequency bin

Fourier coefficient equationFourier coefficient equation 2Wave Mean Direction- The mean direction from which the waves are coming or going as a function of frequency

Wave mean directionMean Wave Direction Spectrum- The mean distribution of wave energy in wave number and direction

Mean wave direction sprectrum

Principal Wave Direction Spectrum- Equation of principal wave direction is similar to mean wave direction, but it is calculated from other directional Fourier series coefficients.

Principal wave direction spectrumSignificant Frequency- the frequency at which the harmonic components of the real waveform begin to drop off faster than 1/f.

Significant frequency

Wave Fourier Coefficients

Wave fourier coefficientsWave Peak Direction- The wave direction at the frequency at which a wave energy spectrum reaches its maximum.

Wave peak directionWave Peak Period- The wave period associated with the most energetic waves in the total wave spectrum at a specific point

Wave peak period

Mean Spreading Angle- Angle at which even spreading is assumed across the entire frequency range

Mean spreading angleDirectional Width- indicates whether waves are coming from similar directions or a wide range of directions

Directional widthLong Crestedness Parameter- measures the surface texture of the wave

Long crestedness parameter


Topics: Sensor, Wave, Equations

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